In a seismic shift within the legal landscape, a federal judge has ushered in a new chapter for consumers by granting certification for a class-action lawsuit against tech behemoth Apple. This pivotal decision now empowers tens of millions of customers to pursue allegations that Apple wielded a monopoly over the iPhone app market, resulting in inflated prices through its exclusive control over app purchases within the App Store.

U.S. District Judge Yvonne Gonzalez Rogers, whose initial denial of class certification reverberated in the legal arena in March 2022, has reversed her stance. The turning point came as the class parameters were refined to exclusively encompass Apple account holders who had expended $10 or more on app or in-app content. While expressing reservations about the potential inclusion of accounts that suffered no harm, Judge Rogers underscored the flexibility inherent in certification denial, indicating that the number of included accounts could be further reduced.

Apple’s endeavor to exclude testimony from two expert witnesses, including Nobel Prize-winning economist Daniel McFadden, met a similar fate as the judge dismissed the attempt. The expert testimonies provide intricate insights into how Apple’s practices might have adversely affected consumers, adding layers of complexity to the mounting legal challenges for the tech giant.

Mark Rifkin, the legal representative for the consumers, expressed profound satisfaction with the decision, eagerly anticipating the unfolding of the next phase in this 12-year-old antitrust case. Rifkin estimates damages amounting to billions for the class, emphasizing the potency of class actions to deliver substantial recoveries more efficiently than individual lawsuits.


Despite the significant legal blow, Apple, headquartered in Cupertino, California, has maintained a stoic silence in response to requests for comment on this transformative development. The class-action lawsuit now represents an unprecedented challenge to Apple’s App Store practices, shining a spotlight on the intensifying scrutiny that tech companies face over issues of market dominance and antitrust concerns.

Judge Rogers, renowned for her oversight of the antitrust case between Epic Games and Apple, had previously issued orders mandating Apple to ease restrictions on payment methods for app developers. However, the order stopped short of permitting downloads to iPhones outside the App Store. A federal appeals court largely upheld this ruling in April 2023, and the U.S. Supreme Court declined involvement last month.

The case, formally recognized as In re Apple iPhone Antitrust Litigation, is unfolding in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of California under case number 11-06714. This landmark decision not only marks a turning point for the consumers seeking to challenge Apple’s App Store practices but also sets the stage for an extensive legal battle that may reshape the dynamics of the tech industry.